In addition to environmental litigation, Enel also monitors so-called “environmental disputes”: disputes and complaints that individuals, committees, environmental organizations and local administrators may bring against the operation, management or construction of the Group’s facilities (plants, networks, substations, buildings, etc.). These includes – in order of severity – administrative notices, warnings, written protests (direct or in the media), media campaigns. Environmental criticalities may occur even after the adoption of the most stringent and advanced preventive measures. The Group pays special attention to these criticalities and its people are ready to take emergency action and to engage at management level. In the event of an environmental criticality, Enel engages openly and transparently, making the requested information available to the parties involved. There were 644 environmental criticalities detected in 2018. This number does not include complaints made by individuals as regards distribution in Brazil (972) due to maintenance activities on the networks.
In 2018 environmental criticalities, so measured, related to “biodiversity and landscape” issues (52%), with the remaining quota referring to “air and climate”, “waste waters”, “waste”, “noise and vibrations”, “radiation”, “soil, subsoil water”.
The issues relate mainly to high-voltage plants, since the physical, natural and landscape effects and the economic impact relating to high-voltage plants are more pronounced than that found around medium/low-voltage systems.